In May 2017, a college student based in the US invested $5,000 in Ethereum (ETH), when the digital asset was worth around $50.
With a base return of 25-fold, having made over $125,000 in ETH, the individual invested in a few digital assets and initial coin offering (ICO) projects, and, by the end of December, the portfolio of the investor reached $880,000.
“I gambled in more than a few bad ICOs to start 2018, had some money in coins that absolutely plummeted with no chance of recovering, etc. Today my portfolio sits at $125k, a far cry from my $880k. My estimated tax liability for 2017 is about $400,000,” the student said.
At the crypto market’s peak, the student recorded a net profit of $875,000 with an investment of $5,000.
In the US, cryptocurrency investors are required to declare taxes using the tax form 1099-K and major cryptocurrency exchanges like Coinbase have tax filing systems in place to automate the process for its investors.
In March, subsequent to spending over a million dollars in January in a conflict with the Internal Revenue System (IRS), the revenue service of the United States federal government, Coinbase released new tax tools to help users to establish a complete view of trading activity, calculate gains and losses, and file taxes.
“Gains on digital currency sales and exchanges are taxable in the US. For reference, here are the IRS guidelines for reporting digital asset gains. We understand taxes for digital currency can be complicated, so we updated our tax tools to make reporting easier,” the Coinbase team said at the time.
In early 2018, Coinbase reported the 1099-K of the individual, which calculated all of the gains the individual made throughout the calendar year. While the student did not withdraw any funds to a bank account during that time, cryptocurrency-to-cryptocurrency trades were listed on the report.
“These were crypto-to-crypto trades (i.e. Bitcoin for Ethereum, Ethereum for Litecoin). These are considered taxable events from what I understand. At no point did I ever cash out to fiat and transfer any USD into my bank accounts from these tradings.”
The issue with tax reports in the US is that if the reports are not filed with the IRS, failure to file and failure to pay penalties can be imposed. Hence, taxes on the returns have to be recognized, and the trader has to pay the taxes accordingly.
The student disclosed that a consultation with a tax attorney had been scheduled to resolve the issue.
“I’ve scheduled a consultation with a tax attorney that specializes in cryptocurrency and alternative investments. I appreciate it all very much, these last few months have been mentally trying.”
As an asset class at an early stage, taxation policies surrounding cryptocurrencies still remain ambiguous in many regions and complex even in large markets like the US.
While companies like Coinbase attempt to simplify the process for investors, unexpected situations could complicate the process of taxing returns for investors in the cryptocurrency market.
Featured Image from Shutterstock. Charts from TradingView.